The second unit of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP) will start generating electricity from September, Union Minister V Narayanasamy said on Friday, 10 Jan 2014. According to him, ninety-five per cent of the work for second unit of the plant has been completed and commercial operation of second unit will start from the unit by September 2014.
The first unit of KKNPP, built with Russian assistance, has already started generating power and is connected to the Southern grid. The first unit is currently generating 440 MW of electricity and all the power generated goes to Tamil Nadu. After taking necessary permissions from the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB), soon it will start production of 750 MW and, the plant will start generating 1000 MW of electricity by February 2014.
The KKNPP units 1 and 2 are currently the largest power generating units in the country with a capacity of 1000 MW each. The plant is the result of an Inter-Governmental Agreement signed between India and erstwhile USSR in November 1988 by then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. Construction started March 2002. Talks with Russia over Unit 3 and 4 are stuck over the liability clause of the Civil Liability Nuclear Damage Act 2010.
KKNPP reactors are VVER-1000 0r WWER-1000 (water-cooled, water-moderated power reactors) based on Uranium fuel. This is the first time that the NPCIL is dealing with Light Water Reactor (LWR) technology.